Radiation Emitted by Wireless Devices and Male Reproductive Hormones

 2021; 12: 732420.
Published online 2021 Sep 24. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2021.732420
PMCID: PMC8497974
PMID: 34630149

Effect of Radiation Emitted by Wireless Devices on Male Reproductive Hormones: A Systematic Review

Exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) from various wireless devices has increased dramatically with the advancement of technology. One of the most vulnerable organs to the RF-EMR is the testes. This is due to the fact that testicular tissues are more susceptible to oxidative stress due to a high rate of cell division and mitochondrial oxygen consumption. As a result of extensive cell proliferation, replication errors occur, resulting in DNA fragmentation in the sperm. While high oxygen consumption increases the level of oxidative phosphorylation by-products (free radicals) in the mitochondria. Furthermore, due to its inability to effectively dissipate excess heat, testes are also susceptible to thermal effects from RF-EMR exposure. As a result, people are concerned about its impact on male reproductive function. The aim of this article was to conduct a review of literature on the effects of RF-EMR emitted by wireless devices on male reproductive hormones in experimental animals and humans. According to the findings of the studies, RF-EMR emitted by mobile phones and Wi-Fi devices can cause testosterone reduction. However, the effect on gonadotrophic hormones (follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone) is inconclusive. These findings were influenced by several factors, which can influence energy absorption and the biological effect of RF-EMR. The effect of RF-EMR in the majority of animal and human studies appeared to be related to the duration of mobile phone use. Thus, limiting the use of wireless devices is recommended.

Keywords: mobile phone, Wi-Fi, testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH)

ARTICLE

Author: World Health Committee

The constitution of National Health Committees is addressed to institute in the world public health, in medical education, in biomedical research the Person-Centered Medicine paradigm according to the ethical and epistemological paradigm of “La Charte Mondiale de la Santè-the World Health Charter” (CMS-WHC) and the Universal Declaration for Freedom and Dignity; It realizes its objectives through the organization of Health National Committees

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